Getting Started with MyEclipse
Getting Started with MyEclipse
By Riyad Kalla and Jens Eckel
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The Essential MyEclipse Cheat Sheet
Getting Started with MyEclipse
Downloaded over 10 million times, MyEclipse (http://www.MyEclipseIDE.com) is the #1 commercial Eclipse-based IDE, with industry-leading support for Java and Web developers. You will find this card useful for introducing you to MyEclipse, as well as developing valuable knowledge of the expansive feature set.
We'll explore the basics, like how to obtain MyEclipse and install it, the process of getting started on projects, development utilizing everything from source code editors to advanced code completion features, project deployment, advanced debugging and much more. You'll quickly discover that MyEclipse is the logical, Eclipse plugin-based solution for all of your J2EE integrated development environment (IDE) needs.
Each MyEclipse release is available either through the MyEclipse Web site at http://MyEclipseIDE.com, or via the popular Pulse tool profiling service at http://PoweredByPulse.com. MyEclipse is available for the major platforms, including Windows, Linux and Mac, and offers industry-leading features such as:
- Hibernate and Spring integration
- Support for Maven configurations
- Swing GUI design support
- Advanced reporting tools
- Industry-leading Java Persistence tooling and much more!
You can download MyEclipse a number of different ways, including:
|Pulse-optimized Installer||A multi-threaded automatic software provisioning solution that will manifest the MyEclipse install directly onto your machine, handling future updates and dependency management automatically.|
|All-in-One MyEclipse Installer||This is a classic double-click installer that will install everything you need to get started with MyEclipse immediately.|
|ArchivedUpdate Site||This is an Archived (ZIP) Eclipse Update Site that you can use when doing your own install of MyEclipse directly into an existing install of Eclipse.|
Getting started with MyEclipse is really straight forward, if you are coming from another non-Eclipse-based-IDE, it's good to know the following two things:
|Views||This is the term used for individual panels of information (like an Outline,Properties Panel,Server Controls Panel, etc.)|
|Perspectives||This is a collection of views, typically all related to servicing the same task (e.g. working with a database or working on a web project).|
You can quickly flip between the different perspectives in MyEclipse by using the Perspective Buttons on the top right of your screen:
Working with huge projects? Increasing memory
arguments can improve performance. We
You can set these arguments in the shortcut
you use to launch MyEclipse, or edit the
eclipse.ini file under the MyEclipse install
directory with them.
There are many different perspectives in MyEclipse, each one geared towards helping you work more efficiently with a certain technology or tool. They are:
|CVS Perspective||For CVS tools and operations|
|Java Browsing Perspective||For navigating Java class structures more intuitive in projects|
|Java Type Hierarchy Perspective||For viewing the hierarchy of types of classes|
|MyEclipse Database Explorer Perspective||For working with configured databases and persistence generation tools|
|MyEclipse Hibernate Perspective||For working with Hibernate configurations, POJOs and HQL queries|
|MyEclipse Image Editor Perspective||For editing images with simple image editing tools provided|
|MyEclipse Java Enterprise Perspective||For working with MyEclipse and Web/Java EE Web Projects|
|MyEclipse Java Persistence Perspective||For working with JPA-based entities and persistence technology|
|MyEclipse Report Design Perspective||For working with the MyEclipse Reports reporting framework.|
|MyEclipse Swing/ Matisse Perspective||For designing Swing GUIs using the lauded Matisse designer.|
|MyEclipse UML Perspective||For creating UML Diagrams using reverse/forward engineering or by hand|
|Plug-in Development Perspective||For working on an Eclipse-based plugin|
|Resource Perspective||A simple file-explorer-esque view of projects and their contents|
|Team Synchronizing Perspective||For use with any Team (CVS, SVN, Clear Case, etc.) Commit/Update operations|
As a quick reminder, you can lay your perspectives out anyway you'd like, either closing views you don't use or adding ones you use all the time. Be sure to save your changes using: Window > Save Perspective.
Developing with MYEclipse
Working in MyEclipse, for the most part, starts first with a Project. You can create many different kinds of projects from the File > New > Project menu.
|Enterprise Application Project|
|Java Maven Project|
|Report Web Project|
|Web Service Project|
All projects marked with[Optional Maven Support] means that when you create that new project, you'll have an opportunity to enable Maven support on that project and use Maven to handle dependencies, building and even deployment of your project if you like. It's up to you.
Editing Source Files
If you want to permanently change a file-editor
relationship, you can do that from the
Window > Preferences > General > Editors >
File Associations preference page.
While editing, you can always invoke :
Learning these three shortcuts can save you a lot of time.
You can combine the format code and organize import operation along with more code cleaning features all as part of saving a file (CTRL-S) automatically, so you never have to run it yourself. You can do this from the preference page:
Window > Preferences > Java > Editor > Save Actions
Web Application Development
MyEclipse supports working on Web Projects, EJB Projects and Enterprise Application Projects using the following Java EE specification levels:
- J2EE 1.3
- J2EE 1.4
- Java EE 5
MyEclipse has visual page designers for all the major web technologies like Struts, JSF, Facelets, ICEfaces, JSP and HTML.
MyEclipse provides tooling for all the most popular persistence technologies, including full reverse-engineering and POJO/DAO generation support for:
- JPA (Toplink, Hibernate & OpenJPA)
MyEclipse also supports a gamut of web services frameworks, including service and client generation in either bottom-up (from a Class file) or top-down (from a WSDL) scenarios for:
- JAX-WS Web Services and Clients
- WebSphere JAX-WS and JAX-RPC Web Services and Client (Blue Only)
- X-Fire based Web Services and Clients
Database Explorer makes working with your database a snap. An example of how you can visualize your tables and relationships quickly:
Most all of the Web Service generation wizards can be launched directly from the tool bar, as well as the Web Service Explorer for testing your services. Just use these buttons to add services or explore:
MyEclipse will automatically handle building the different kinds of projects for you, but also provides support for Ant and Maven, if you prefer to use them, to perform tasks like testing, building or packaging your project.
Deployment & Running
MyEclipse provides integrated support for deploying your projects to your favorite application server (over 30 supported) in two different ways:
|Exploded:||Development Mode, where saved changes are immediately hot-synced with the server.|
|Packaged:||Production Mode, where a single WAR or EAR is created and deployed to the server.|
In addition to managing your project deployments from inside the IDE, you can also manage the Start, Stop and Restart cycle for all the most popular application servers, including Tomcat, Glassfish, JBoss, WebSphere, WebLogic, Resin, Jetty and more.
For really tight WebSphere deployment integration, check out MyEclipse Blue Edition, it's MyEclipse for WebSphere developers.
In addition to handling deployments and your server run-state independently, you can also run or debug your project even faster by using Run As or Debug As MyEclipse Server Application from the project's right-click context menu.
MyEclipse also includes an embedded version of Tomcat as well as the Derby DB, allowing you to develop DB-enabled Web Projects right out of the box with no additional software setup. Or, just test your own projects instantly.
As long as your server was started in Debug mode, you can debug any Class or JSP resource easily while excercising your application by setting a breakpoint in the source editor.
Using Ant or Maven Builders
A handy tip that not many people know is that besides MyEclipse handling builds and deployment for you, if you have custom needs or pre-existing Ant/Maven scripts that you want to use, you can easily integrate these into your build process by adding a custom Ant or Maven builder to your project. This will run the script, and the selected targets, for the following build stages:
- After a Clean
- During a Manual build
- During a Auto build
- During a Clean
The targets to execute for each stage are fully configurable when setting up the custom builder. You can do that by right-clicking on your project and opening Properties, then going to Builders and clicking Add. From there you can configure the custom builder of your choice:
You can have total control over your keyboard shortcuts in MyEclipse. All shortcuts can be adjusted from the preference page: Window > Preferences > General > Keys.
Common Navigation Shortcuts
|CTRL-Left Click||Open Declaration|
|F4||Open Type Hierarchy|
|CTRL-SHIFT-P||Go to Matching Bracket|
|ALT-Left Arrow||Back in Edit History|
|ALT-Right Arrow||Forward in Edit History|
Common Coding Shortcuts
|ATL-SHIFT-C||Change Function Sig (Refactor)|
|CTRL-SHIFT-\||Remove Block Comment|
Common Debugging Shortcuts
|ALT-SHIFT-D, J||Debug Java Application|
|CTRL-F11||Run Last Launched|
|F11||Debug Last Launched|
Common View Shortcuts
|CTRL-E||Quick Switch Editor|
WRITE LESS CODE
There are many different ways that MyEclipse helps you write less code. Besides providing some of the best industry-wide code generation wizards, we also provide support for simpler, every-day, enhancement like code templates, code content assist, and content assist templates.
Generate Getters, Setters, Delegates, Constructors
|Location||Source menu or right-click context menu from inside a source editor.|
|Purpose||To automatically generate methods or artifacts that would otherwise take a lot of typing to do.|
|Usage||Invoke any of the generation commands for the type of resource you would like generated.|
Using the Surround With menu is also a big time saver, especially for Try/Catch blocks.
|Location||Window > Preferences > Java > Code Style > Code Templates|
|Purpose||Allows you to control how certain blocks of code are generated, including default comments or templated variables.|
|Usage||Automatic, whenever a code generation function is run (e.g. Generater Getters/Setters) it will use any customizations you've set.|
Example #1: Can be used to change how new Class files are generated, to include a company-wide license at the top of the class file in a comment.
Example #2: Can be used to automatically add author, date and project information into a new method with a TODO marker until it's implemented.
|Location||(Inside source code, invoked with CTRL-Space key sequence.)|
|Purpose||To provide help completing method calls as well as naming variables based on the type they are.|
|Usage||CTRL-Space while editing, any time, to see if MyEclipse has suggestions for you based on the current context. Completions are locationsensitive.|
Example #1: String name = new |<-- Invoke here for "String", since it will match the type of the variable.
Example #2: MyClass |<-- Invoke here for "myClass" and a few other common variations based on the type name.
Content Assist Templates
|Location||Window > Preferences > Java > Editor > Templates|
|Purpose||To create custom content assist suggestions based on your coding style.|
|Usage||CTRL-Space while editing, if the name sequence partially matches, will include whatever templates you have created with that name.|
Example #1: Create a template "myfor" that creates a complex for-loop, including comments and templated argument variables. Type "my" or "myfor" and hit CTRL-Space to have your template inserted.
Example #2: There is a huge set of pre-defined templates you can already use. For example, try "sysout" and hit CTRL-space.
Code Assist Templates also have a specified "context" that they apply to (e.g. in Javadoc, or in Java source code).
WORK AS A TEAM
MyEclipse supports integrated team source control tools like CVS out of the box. You can add support for your favorite source control system (Subversion, Perforce, Clear Case, etc.) all by adding the appropriate plugin to your MyEclipse install.
Version control allows you to easily keep your work safely versioned and combined with other team-member's work without needing to send emails back and forth to your team members with your changes in them.
Integrated Team (Version Control) operations can all be accessed from the Team menu off of the right-click context menu on your project. This includes:
- Update Commit
- Branch / Tag
- Show History
- and every other operation you could need!
Extending MyEclipse - Plug-ins
Since MyEclipse is built on top of the Eclipse platform, you can easily extend it with any of your favorite Eclipse plugins in the same way you might extend Eclipse.
A good resource for plugins is www.eclipseplugincentral. com.
In addition to finding and installing your own plugins manually, you can use Pulse (www.poweredbypulse.com) to create a MyEclipse-based software profile and then Drag and Drop software from the included software catalog into the profile. Pulse will handle installing and running that for you automatically. You can even share these profiles with friends, co-workers and teams.
web site references
By reviewing and utilizing the helpful hints in this guide, you've already placed yourself a step ahead of the competition. MyEclipse is a pervasive tool in the Eclipse space, and there are multiple Web sites you can visit for more information and helpful hints.
We recommend the following specific sites to get the most out of your MyEclipse experience.
|MyEclipse Home Page
|Where it all begins for MyEclipse users. Includes links for education, support and more.|
|MyEclipse Blue Edition
|Explore all that MyEclipse Blue Edition has to offer for WebSphere users.|
|The best way to keep up with MyEclipse happenings.|
|Free Webinars that demonstrate some of the most popular features of MyEclipse.|
||Genuitec's powerful Eclipse tool profiling solution - can help manage MyEclipse.|
|Genuitec, the parent company behind MyEclipse and Pulse products.|
|Community for Eclipse users and developers.|
|Eclipse Plugin Central
|The best and most extensive repository of Eclipse plugins.|
|Genuitec is a strategic member of the Eclipse Foundation.|